- Speed. CRH takes the cake here. Much of the HS network in China is designed for 350+KM/H operation. Capped at 310KM/H for most part and 350KM/H on Beijing Shanghai line. Both maximum and average speeds are exceeding anything on the Shinkansen network.
- Comfort. CRH wins here easily. Simply because tracks are new and built to much higher technical specs. 7000m curve radius on 300+KM/H lines al;lowing to make turns at 350+KM/H, ballastless tracks and continuous 350KM/H speeds for THOUSANDS of kilometers are unheard of in Japan or anywhere else in the world for that matter. While this is indeed because it’s new (Shinkansen is obviously much older for most part) the fact remains that CRH is a faster AND more comfortable train service.
- Service. Shinkansen takes this one as Japan has extraordinarily good service culture and Shinkansen is part of that. CRH service is also good though.
- Stations. Japanese stations tend to be smaller but centrally located. CRH stations tend to be larger, more spacious and located outside city core (exceptions exist though).
- Safety. Shinkansen has a pretty much perfect track record in terms of fatalities. Despite that both systems should be considered as very safe provided the network size and ridership figures.
- Overall technology. CRH takes this one. As mentioned before, due to objectively higher tech specs applied to tracks and trains. While Japanese train makers and engineers are probably capable to match their Chinese colleagues this only applies in theory as it would not make economic sense for Japan to upgrade everything just to increase the speed and comfort a bit. In practice China has got better technology which is actually functioning so, once again, this goes to CRH.
Shinkansen chassis fracture 新干线底盘裂缝
railway accident in japan 日本火车事故
then why didnt we hear about this accidents？ well, get ur imagination full operate. yes, CRH had an accidents in 2011. but why all u guys know about this？ and at the same time no one know about Shinkansen accidents？ all hail japanese and western media！ 那么我们为什么没有听说过这些事故? 好吧，充分发挥你的想象力吧。 是的，中国高铁在2011年出过事故。 但为什么你们都知道中国的事故?却没有人听说过新干线的事故? Jayanth Krishnamoorthy As an experience, Shinkansen scores over easily. Considering the vast area served, CRH is better. I’d still give the final win to Shinkansen as they invented it 50 plus years ago, a time when many countries were still involved in lengthening their existing rail network, Japanese were thinking about the Shinkansen. Lastly, as an Indian I’d back Shinkansen because it will ply between Mumbai and Ahmedabad shortly 作为一种经验，新干线很容易胜出。考虑到服务范围，中国高铁胜出。我还是会把最后的胜利判给新干线，因为他们50多年前就发明了新干线，当时许多国家仍在拓展现有的铁路网，日本人却已经在考虑新干线了。最后，作为一名龙8国际娱乐人，我会支持新干线，因为它很快就会往返于孟买和艾哈迈达巴德之间。 UPENDRA PRASAD, Graduate from Vinoba Bhave University (1997) See,it depends upon the conditions prevailing. First of all,in a densely populated region like China the CRH is better since the are of great speed and great comfort like the trains of our country.The most advantage of the trains is that even though they are of less speed than the Shinkansen,the are useful because they have more passenger capacity and in the urban areas in China mainly,more passenger capacity is must like the use of oxygen for breathing.But in lesss populated countries like Japan,Shinkansen is better since it reqiures less energy and has accurate arrangements for all the passengers. So at last I would prefer the CRH over the Japanese Shikansen due to its passenger capacity.But comparing them means comparing BMW and Mercedes. 这要视情况而定。 首先，在中国这样一个人口密集国，中国高铁更好，因为他们的速度和舒适度都很高，就像我们国家的火车。火车最大的优点是，尽管它们的速度比新干线慢，但它很有用，因为它们有更大的载客量，而且在中国的城市地区，更多的载客量就像氧气之于呼吸一样重要。但在日本等人口较少的国家，新干线更适合，因为新干线的能耗较低，而且能为所有乘客提供准确的安排。 所以最后我更喜欢中国高铁而不是日本的新干线，因为它的载客量更大。但是这两者的比较就好比宝马和奔驰之间的比较。 Anonymous Key difference between the Shinkansen & CRH is that on the Shinkansen there is almost no chance that a kid will poop on a seat, in the aisle, or in a trash can. Not sure how often this happens on the CRH but given how many Chinese adults let kids poop in places that aren't toilets I was surprised that I couldn't actually find any reports of it. 新干线和中国高铁的主要区别在于，新干线上孩子基本上不可能在座位上、过道上或垃圾桶里拉屎。 我不知道这种情况在中国高铁上有多常见，但考虑到很多中国成年人让孩子在厕所以外的地方大便，没看到这类的报道我还觉得惊讶。 Youji Hajime For a while it will be Japanese one simply because shinkansen never had fatal accidents in +50 years of operation. Chinese one could be faster, smoother, cheaper etc but it must operate at least few decades without a fatality to be in the same league of statistical comparison. 就因为新干线在50多年的运营中从未发生过致命事故，所以短期内还是日本的新干线更强。 中国高铁可能更快、更平稳、更便宜等等，但它必须通过至少几十年的安全运行，才能达到跟新干线相同的统计高度。 Futari Subarashi Japanese engineers and designers went through trial and error, creating the first high-speed rail in 1964, just in time for their first olympics. China basically copied Japan’s already-invented Shinkansen and made their own name for it. 1964年，日本的工程师和设计师们经历了反复试验，终于建造出了第一条高速铁路，刚好赶上了第一届奥运会。中国基本上是复制了日本发明的新干线，因此而得名。 Quora User, B.S IT Engineering, Université of Bejaia (2013) Who is better? Top speed under operation: China 400Km/h VS Japan 320Km/h System length: China: 22,000 km VS Japan: 2,765 Km you know who is better Quora用户,B。Bejaia大学IT工程(2013) 哪个更强? 最高运行速度: 中国400公里/小时VS日本320公里/小时 线路长度: 中国:22,000公里，日本:2,765公里 谁更强，你知道了吧 Herman Wong, born and raised in Hong Kong and proud to be Chinese. I’ve taken both the Shinkansen and the Chinese HSR (Gaotie). Statistically speaking, the Shinkansen is safer, as it has a very clean safety record and the trains are very punctual. The Chinese Gaotie’s safety record was slightly tarred by the 2011 Wenzhou collision incident, but that was technically due to a faulty signal unrelated to the trains themselves. In regular service, Chinese trains are also very safe, considering the lack of incidents across such a large system. For the best trains in both systems, the Shinkansen and the Gaotie have operating speeds of up to 300 km/h. The trains of both systems are domestically produced in their respective countries. Currently, the Japanese Shinkansen uses the N700 Series trains, and for the Chinese Gaotie, the CRH380A. 新干线和中国高铁我都搭过。 从统计学上讲，新干线更安全，因为它的安全记录十分完美，而且非常准时。中国高铁的安全记录因2011年温州动车追尾事故而出现污点，但从技术上讲，这是由于与列车本身无关的信号错误造成的。考虑到如此庞大的铁路系统中很少发生事故，中国的列车在正常运行时也事非常安全的。 对于这两个最优秀的铁路系统，新干线和高铁的运行速度可达每小时300公里。两个系统的列车都是在各自国家国内生产的。目前，日本新干线使用的是N700系列列车，中国高铁使用的是CRH380A。 The Gaotie was designed to operate at speeds up to 350 km/h, but the maximum speed was cut down to 300 km/h at some point. This decision may have been made due to energy consumption issues, as going at 350 km/h uses up a lot more power (compared to 300 km/h) in exchange for a minor difference in speed. In terms of riding experience, I honestly can’t say which service is definitively better. In my opinion, it felt like the Chinese trains offered a smoother ride: half the time I didn’t even notice when the train pulled out of the station, and even at top speed, you don’t feel a thing. If not for the scenery flashing by outside the window and the “301km/h” on the display, you’d think the train was stationary. Of course, this isn’t to say that Shinkansen rides aren’t smooth, but the riding experience isn’t as impeccable as the Gaotie’s. Both services are excellent and in practice, this is a very minor difference. I felt completely at ease taking both. The train arrives, you step on board, and it’s smooth sailing from there. 高铁的设计速度可达350公里/小时，但最高速度被调低至300公里/小时。这一决定可能是由于能源消耗问题，因为时速达到350公里时，消耗的电力更多，只能换来速度上的微小差异。 就乘坐体验而言，我真的说不清哪个一定更好。在我看来，中国的火车提供了一种更平稳的乘坐体验:我经常都注意不到火车什么时候开出车站，即使是以最高速度行驶，你也没有任何感觉。如果不是窗外的景色和显示器上显示的“301km/h”，你可能还会认为火车是静止不动的。 当然，这并不是说搭乘新干线不平稳，只是乘坐体验并没有高铁那么完美。这两种铁路的服务都很好，实际上区别很小。我搭乘两种列车时，都感到很舒适。火车来了，你一上车，火车就平平稳稳地出发了。 外文链接：https://www.quora.com/Which-one-is-better-CRH-China-Railway-High-speed-or-Shinkansen-Japanese-Super-Express